Properties and Applications of Nanocrystalline Alloys from Amorphous Precursors: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Properties and Applications of Nanocrystalline Alloys from Amorphous Precursors, Budmerice, Slovak Republic, from 9 - 15 June 2003. by Springer-Verlag New York Inc. (Paperback, 2005)
Metallic (magnetic and n-magnetic) nacrystalline materials have been kwn for over ten years but only recent developments in the research into those complex alloys and their metastable amorphous precursors have created a need to summarize the most important accomplishments in the field. This book is a collection of articles on various aspects of metallic nacrystalline materials, and an attempt to address this above need. The main focus of the papers is put on the new issues that emerge in the studies of nacrystalline materials, and, in particular, on (i) new compositions of the alloys, (ii) properties of conventional nacrystalline materials, (iii) modeling and simulations, (iv) preparation methods, (v) experimental techniques of measurements, and (vi) different modern applications. Interesting phemena of the physics of nacrystalline materials are a consequence of the effects induced by the nacrystalline structure. They include interface physics, the influence of the grain boundaries, the averaging of magnetic anisotropy by exchange interactions, the decrease in exchange length, and the existence of a minimum two-phase structure at the atomic scale. Attention is also paid to the special character of the local atomic ordering and to the corresponding interatomic bonding as well as to amalies and particularities of electron density distributions, and to the formation of metastable, nacrystalline (or quasi-crystalline) phases built from exceptionally small grains with special properties. Ather important focus of attention are new classes of materials which are t based on new compositions, but rather on the original and special crystalline structure in the nascale.