This volume highlights the diverse contributions of military psychologists towards our nation's security and towards the discipline of psychology itself. The United States Armed Forces have frequently led our culture in personnel and policy changes that the general population had difficulty accepting, such as racial integration and the integration of women. In addition, psychologists in the military have used clinical approaches to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, and psychopharmacology that have tested research understanding before widespread use for the general public. Currently, psychologists are working with policy makers to help the public build resiliency and cope with disasters, terrorism, and possible threats to the homeland. By putting their skills to work in such areas as personnel management, ergomics, clinical care, training, leadership and executive development, and social and behavioral research, these individuals have transformed psychology into an integrative discipline that w encompasses aspects of health care and other fields such as information techlogy and disaster management. Psychology in the Service of National Security includes perspectives of psychologists and social scientists representing the uniformed services, research institutions, business, and academia. Readers interested in the history of psychology will learn how our armed services came to be on the cutting edge in many areas of basic and applied science. Readers inside and outside the military will learn lessons from military psychology that they can apply to community-based homeland security efforts.