Radiative Forcing of Climate Change: Expanding the Concept and Addressing Uncertainties by Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council, Climate Research Committee, Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate, Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate (Paperback, 2005)
Changes in climate are driven by natural and human-induced perturbations of the Eartha (TM)s energy balance. These climate drivers or forcings include variations in greenhouse gases, aerosols, land use, and the amount of energy Earth receives from the Sun. Although climate throughout Eartha (TM)s history has varied from swball conditions with global ice cover to hothouse conditions when glaciers all but disappeared, the climate over the past 10,000 years has been remarkably stable and favorable to human civilization. Increasing evidence points to a large human impact on global climate over the past century. The report reviews current kwledge of climate forcings and recommends critical research needed to improve understanding. Whereas emphasis to date has been on how these climate forcings affect global mean temperature, the report finds that regional variation and climate impacts other than temperature deserve increased attention.
Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate, Climate Research Committee, National Research Council
Board on Atmospheric Sciences & Climate, Climate Research Committee, Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council