For the past 150 years, the evangelical church has given great emphasis to God's promises to the nation of Israel. Christians were those who rejoiced the loudest when Israel became a nation on May 14, 1948. Evangelical Christians understood that God would be faithful to these irrevocable promises to Israel. However, in recent years, more and more Christian leaders are beginning to turn their backs on Israel. Reformed leaders and others argue that because Israel has been unfaithful to God, these Old Testament promises are now given to the church. This doctrine is called Replacement Theology, or Supersessionism by academics. Replacement Theology is the view that the Church has permanently replaced or superseded Israel as the people of God. In recent years, Replacement Theology has gained more and more popularity among evangelical Christians. The relationship between Israel and the church continues to be a controversial topic. At the heart of this controversy is the question: Does God have a future plan for the nation of Israel? This topic is not an academic thesis for proponents and opponents to debate in the ivory towers of higher learning. No, this is a topic that will affect the way we view and understand many of the important doctrines of Scripture. This book is an effort to explain, in language all Christians can understand, some of the important issues that are at stake and the dangers and consequences of Replacement Theology.