This series is devoted to the factors influencing accounting practice. It analyzes topics such as regulatory philosophy, self-regulation in accounting and regulatory policy. Each volume is structured into three parts - main articles, perspectives and book reviews. This volume includes a theoretical investigation of client internal control structures and management fraud. It also covers topics such as the volatility of pension costs, public accountant's professional conduct, an examination of borrower and lender perceptions, bank loan loss provisions after resignation, retirement or death, and the ecomic consequences of accounting standards and Islamic banks.