Sacrifice and Value: A Kantian Interpretation argues that we create values by making sacrifices. Values don't exist outside of us; they exist only when we give a gift without expecting a return. As Sidney Axinn demonstrates, we must have values in order to make decisions, to have friends or lovers, and to choose goals of any sort. Sacrifice is basic to almost everything of importance: care, love, religion, patriotism, loyalties, warfare, friendship, gift giving, morality. Axin uses Aristotle, Cicero, and Kant, and contemporary philosophers Oldenquest, Frankfurt, Friedman, Starobinski and others to analyze the role of sacrifice. A vel feature is the attention given to Kant's use of sacrifice. Sacrifice and Value will interest advanced students and scholars of philosophy-particularly value theory and moral theory-as well as women's studies, religion, political theory, and psychology.
Sidney Axinn is emeritus professor of philosophy at Temple University and courtesy professor of philosophy at the University of South Florida. He is author of The Logic of Hope: Extensions of Kant's View of Religion and A Moral Military and co-editor of Autonomy and Community: Readings in Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy.