This book explores the dynamic relationship between science, techlogy and Japanese society, examining how it has contributed to ecomic growth and national well-being. It presents a synthesis of recent debates by juxtaposing competing views about the role and direction of science, techlogy and medical care in Japan. Topics discussed include government policy, the private sector and community responses; computers and communication; the automobile industry, the aerospace industry and quality control; the environment; consumer electronics; medical care; and the role of gender. This is an ideal introductory text for students in the sociology of science and techlogy, the history and philosophy of science, and Japanese studies. Up-to-date research and case studies make this an invaluable resource for readers interested in the nature of science and techlogy in the twenty-first century.