The fullest general statement of Max Weber's sociological theory to appear in any of his writings, The Theory of Social and Ecomic Organization is an introduction to Weber's ambitious comparitive study of the sociological and institutional foundations of the modern ecomic and social order. In this work originally published in German in 1920, Weber discusses the analytical methods of sociology and, at the same time, presents a devastating critique of prevailing sociological theory and of its universalist, determinist underpinnings. None of Weber's other writings offers the reader such a grasp of his theories; ne displays so clearly his erudition, the scope of his interests, and his analytical powers.
An English mathematician and philosopher, Alfred North Whitehead provided the foundation for the shool of thought known as process philosophy. With an academic career that spanned from Cambridge to Harvard, Whitehead wrote extensively on mathematics, metaphysis, and philosophy. He died in Massachusetts in 1947.