As experienced by the United States, competition has played out in three distinct types of threat activity: sabotage (the destruction of capabilities), espionage (the theft of specific capabilities), and defection (the carrying of kwledge out of the country). Today, the changing invation environment has created new challenges. Significant advances are being made in start-ups as well as larger companies who longer rely on U.S. government contracts. Not only does this place a key element of national power in the hands of the private sector, but it often leaves Washington at an informational disadvantage in understanding techlogies. This book analyzes these concepts from the perspective of the United States' experience in the field of invation security. Historical and recent examples illustrate the threats to invation, the various approaches to mitigating them, and how the evolution of the invative process w requires rethinking how the United States can benefit from and preserve its cutting edge human capital.
Darren E. Tromblay is a strategic intelligence analyst with the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Robert G. Spelbrink is an FBI Special Agent, Strategic Partnership Program, Washington Field Office.