Materials science is a rapidly advancing field. Discoveries in this area are bound to affect various aspects of civilization. This book attempts to understand the multiple branches and concepts that come under the field of materials science and engineering and how they can be useful in our lives. The various studies and researches that are constantly contributing towards advancing techlogies and the evolution of this field are looked at in detail here. Those in search of information to further their kwledge of this field will be greatly assisted by this book.