In Shyness and Social Phobia , Dr. Anne Marie Alba demonstrates her cognitive - behavioral therapy (CBT) approach to treating the common issue of shyness and social phobia. Shyness is a relatively benign personality trait inherent in some individuals, whereas social anxiety occurs in most people at different developmental stages. For some people, the experience of shyness or social phobia is continual and so intense that it may interfere with their employment and social life. In this session, Dr. Alba works with a 24-year-old man with social phobia who is unable to go to college classes or to work. He only goes out if he can drink, a self-defeating coping strategy that often accompanies this disorder. Dr. Alba completes an assessment of the client and shows the beginning of her treatment approach, including psychological education and an exposure exercise, before providing a tailored homework assignment. Dr. Alba's approach to the treatment of social anxiety disorder is steeped in the cognitive - behavioral model. In effect, nclinical social anxiety is viewed as a rmal, developmentally appropriate reaction to social or evaluative situations. It is expected to occur periodically in response to certain developmental stages (e.g., ages 4-6, upon starting school; ages 12-17, when social-evaluative demands increase for the adolescent) and to certain environmental stressors (e.g., being evaluated, interviewed, or entering new situations with unfamiliar people).
Anne Marie Albano, PhD, ABPP, is an associate professor of clinical psychology in psychiatry within the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Columbia University and is the director of the Columbia University Center for Anxiety and Related Disorders. Currently, Dr. Albano is a principal investigator of the large multicenter clinical trial, Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study, funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, examining the efficacy of cognitive - behavioral and medication treatments for youth ages 7 to 17 with anxiety disorders.
American Psychological Association
Date of Publication
Psychiatry & Clinical Psychology: Professional
Specific Treatments for Specific Populations APA Psychotherapy Video Series