Rising above the countryside of Wood County, Wisconsin, Powers Bluff is a large outcrop of quartzite rock that resisted the glaciers that flattened the surrounding countryside. It is an appropriate symbol for the Native people who once lived on its slopes, quietly resisting social forces that would have crushed and eroded their culture. A large band of Potawatomi, many returnees from the Kansas Prairie Band Potawatomi reservation, established the village of Tah-qua-kik or Skunk Hill in 1905 on the 300-foot-high bluff, up against the oddly shaped rocks that topped the hill and protected the community from the cold winter winds. In Skunk Hill, archeologist Robert A. Birmingham traces the largely unkwn story of this community, detailing the role it played in preserving Native culture through a harsh period of US Indian policy from the 1880s to 1930s. The story s central focus is the Drum Dance, also kwn as the Dream Dance or Big Drum, a pan-tribal cultural revitalization movement that swept the Upper Midwest during the Great Suppression, emphasizing Native values and rejecting the vices of the white world. Though the community disbanded by the 1930s, the site, w on the National Register of Historic Places with two dance circles still visible on the grounds, stands as testimony to the efforts of its members to resist cultural assimilation.
Robert A. Birmingham served as Wisconsin State Archaeologist at the Wisconsin Historical Society and teaches at the University of WisconsinWaukesha. He is the author of Life, Death, and Archaeology at Fort Blue Mounds and co-author of Indian Mounds of Wisconsin and Aztalan: Mysteries of an Ancient Indian Town, which received a merit award for history from the Midwest Independent Publishers Association. He has been researching Drum Dance communities for over 30 years and has worked with descendants of Skunk Hill, the Kansas Potawatomi, and many others to document its history.