Excerpt from Standard Specifications: For Structural Steel Timber Concrete and Reinforced Concrete A serious attempt has been made to incorporate into one volume a set of ten specifications, which t only cover the most important materials used in construction work of any magnitude, but which are condensed so as to avoid unnecessary repetitions, are consistent throughout, and which, at the same time, conform in every essential to the latest experiments and investigations, to the best authorities, to modem practice, and to the author's own considerable experience. Of new matter, particular attention is called to the specifications for reinforced concrete, as these are rather extensive, probably the first complete set in existence. To facilitate the use of all specifications, the subject matter in each has been arranged, as nearly as possible, in the order, or rotation, in which the information is wanted. Any designs made, or structures built in strict accordance with these specifications will insure first-class details, excellent materials, and creditable workmanship, as well as safety, durability, and ecomy. Hence they are designed to be equally well suited to the needs of engineers, architects, contractors, college professors and their students. In the body of the specifications credit has been accorded to authorities, when quoted, to whom thanks are due. Thanks are also due to Francis P. Wittmer, M. Am. Soc. C.E., and others for many valuable suggestions. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art techlogy to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.