Between the ages of one-and-a-half and two years children start to form elementary phrases and clauses. This stage of their linguistic development provides the first clear evidence that they have begun to develop a grammar of the language being acquired. It is therefore of paramount importance for any attempt to construct a theory of language acquisition.Drawing data from a corpus of more that 100,000 spontaneous utterances, Andrew Radford demonstrates that the fundamental characteristic of children's earliest structures is that they are essentially lexical and thematic in nature. They show evidence of the acqusition of lexical but t functional categories, and of thematic but t nthematic constituents. This hypothesis provides a unified account of a wide range of phemena in early child English including children's nmastery of determiners, possessives, prouns, missing arguments, expletives, case, binding, tense, agreement, auxiliaries, infinitives, complementisers, and movement phemena.This detailed study of children's initial grammars suggests a model of acquisition which is essentially maturational. Different modules of the child's grammar come into operation at different stages of development, triggered by relevant aspects of the child's experience. In this, Radford's account sheds significant light on some of the fundamental questions for the theory of language acquisition.
Andrew Radford is Professor (and Head of the Dept.) of Linguistics at the University of Essex. His major publications include a book on Italian Syntax (1977) and two standard introductions to syntactic theory, Transformational Syntax (1981) and Transformational Grammar (1988).