Mr. Pepys was a Puritan. Froude once painted a portrait of Bunyan as an old Cavalier. He almost persuaded one that it was true till the later discovery of Bunyan's name on the muster-roll of one of Cromwell's regiments showed that he had been a Puritan from the beginning. If one calls Mr. Pepys a Puritan, however, one does t do so for the love of paradox or at a guess. He tells us himself that he was a great Roundhead when I was a boy, and that, on the day on which King Charles was beheaded, he said: Were I to preach on him, my text should be-'the memory of the wicked shall rot.' After the Restoration he was uneasy lest his old schoolfellow, Mr. Christmas, should remember these strong words.