Excerpt from The Art of the Saracens in Egypt The subject of the following chapters is what has been commonly kwn as 'Arab' or 'Mohammadan' Art. Both these terms are misleading - for the artists in this style were seldom Arabs, and many of them were Christians - and the general term 'Saracenic' has therefore been substituted. 'Saracen, ' which means simply Eastern, was the universal designation of Muslims in the Middle Ages, whether the paynims referred to were Syrian or Egyptian princes, like Saladin, or Barbary chiefs, or Moorish Alcaydes in Spain; and the mediaeval ring of the term Saracenic - which recalls the proud Sarrasin of the ballads, the Sarrasina artist of Italy, the Bysant Saracenatus of the Crusaders, and the stuff Saracenatum, or, as we spell it, sarcenet' - is specially appropriate to the art about to be described. Saracenic art possesses an unmistakable style, which is instantly recognised wherever it occurs, from the pillars of Hercules and the Alcazar of Seville to the mosques of Samarkand and the ruins of Gaur in Bengal; and this style was developed and brought to perfection in the Middle Ages. The word Saracenic, implying the two ideas of Oriental and mediaeval, exactly fulfils the conditions of a general term for the art with which we are concerned. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art techlogy to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.