The Call of the Wild is a short adventure vel by Jack London published in 1903 and set in Yukon, Canada during the 1890s Klondike Gold Rush, when strong sled dogs were in high demand. The central character of the vel is a dog named Buck. The story opens at a ranch in Santa Clara Valley, California, when Buck is stolen from his home and sold into service as a sled dog in Alaska. He becomes progressively feral in the harsh environment, where he is forced to fight to survive and dominates other dogs. By the end, he sheds the veneer of civilization, and relies on primordial instinct and learned experience to emerge as a leader in the wild. London spent almost a year in the Yukon collecting material for the book. The story was serialized in the Saturday Evening Post in the summer of 1903 and was published a month later in book form. The book's great popularity and success made a reputation for London; much of its appeal derives from its simplicity as a tale of survival. As early as 1923, the story was adapted to film, and it has since seen several more cinematic adaptations.
John Griffith Jack London, birth name John Griffith Chaney, was a prolific American novelist, journalist, short story writer, essayist, and social activist. He is considered as the pioneer of commercial magazine fiction. He was one of the first fiction writers to obtain world-wide fame and a large fortune from his fiction alone. The Call of the Wild and White Fang, set in the Klondike Gold Rush, are considered to be his most popular and well-known works. His short stories, To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North, and Love of Life, are also among his famous works. He also wrote about the South Pacific In such stories as The Pearls of Parley and The Heathen, and about the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf. Jack was a passionate advocate of Socialism, Unionization, and the Rights of Workers. He was also part of the radical literary group, The Crowd, in San Francisco. He produced several powerful works on the topics of Socialism, Unionization, and the Rights of Workers, such as his dystopian novel The Iron Heel, his non-fiction expose The People of the Abyss and The War of the Classes.