For nearly 300 years, capitalism propelled the world's most successful ecomies to new heights of development. But a spate of global environmental disasters and severe ecomic crises compels thinkers to question whether the system continues to function. Leveraging historical perspective, extensive research, and case studies, The Crises of Capitalism builds a compelling argument that challenges the most fundamental assumptions of prevailing ecomic theory. Saral Sarkar exposes capitalism's flaws through the lens of ecosocialism, a philosophy that asserts that natural resources drive production and development. Keynes, Schumpeter, Marx, and Engles had reason to believe that there would ever be a shortage of oil, minerals, water, or food--and that techlogical invation could surmount any obstacle. But oil extraction has peaked, food is harder to come by, and the cost to maintain what natural resources remain has increased exponentially. Capitalism requires constant invation to create growth--but as Sarkar establishes, even computers wouldn't exist without copper, gold, and zinc. The Crises of Capitalism exists at the intersection of environmental awareness and ecomic theory. Sarkar challenges predominant explanations for catastrophic events like the 2008 global ecomic crisis, revises the classic paradigm of growth, and points to evidence of systemic ecomic failure. In this provocative, revolutionary criticism, Sarkar suggests that like other long-abandoned ecomic theories, capitalism has reached its limits. This is an important book, and it is on the front edge of the thinking that has to come to bear on the real crisis the world is facing, of the impossible idea of growth forever and the ecomic model that is driving the planet into irreversible crises. --Doug Tompkins
Saral Sarkar was a lecturer at the Goethe Institute, Hyderabad, and is a leading proponent of ecosocialism. He has published several works including Green-Alternative Politics in West Germany and Eco-Socialism or Eco-Capitalism?: A Critical Analysis of Humanity's Fundamental Choices.