Through a series of interviews and database analyses, and an extensive literature review and synthesis, this report characterizes the diffusion of use of electronic health records and places a value on that diffusion. This report characterizes the diffusion of use of electronic health records (EHRs). The author uses interviews and surveys and a literature review to investigates whether healthcare is expected to duplicate the gains enabled by information techlogy seen in several prominent industries. To accomplish this, the following questions are asked: What is the current diffusion of health information techlogy? How does EHR diffusion compare to invations in other industries? What is such diffusion worth to society? What should the government do, if anything, to speed the adoption of EHRs?