Many see China and the United States on the path to confrontation. The Chinese leadership violates human rights rms. It maintains a harsh rule in Tibet, spars aggressively with Taiwan, and is clamping down on Hong Kong. A rising power with ermous assets, China increasingly considers American interests an obstacle to its own. But, the authors argue, the United States is the least of China's problems. Despite its sheer size, ecomic vitality, and drive to upgrade its military forces, China remains a vulnerable power, crowded on all sides by powerful rivals and potential foes. As it has throughout its history, China faces immense security challenges, and their sources are at and within China's own borders. China's foreign policy is calibrated to defend its territorial integrity against antagonists who are numerous, near, and strong. The authors trace the implications of this central point for China's relations with the United States and the rest of the world.
Andrew J. Nathan is professor of political science at Columbia University. Robert S. Ross is professor of political science at Boston College and research associate at the John King Fairbank Center for East Asian Research, Harvard University.