Excerpt from The Journal of Philosophy, 1922, Vol. 19 The most striking and significant phemen in recent American philosophy and psychology has, manifestly, been an extensive recrudescence of materialism. To or towards this outcome have converged several theories diverse in name and, in part, in the logical considerations which have given rise to them. The tendency finds its most unequivocal expression in behaviorism, whenever behaviorism, as in the recent writings of Professor J. B. Watson, abandons the modest status of a special subdivision of psycho-biology, and sets itself up as - or as a substitute for - a general psychological theory. To say that in the processes commonly kwn as sensation, feeling and thought thing whatever occurs, or need be presupposed, except gross or microscopic movements of various portions of the musculature of an organism, is obviously equivalent to the reduction of the entire content and implications of experience to motions of matter and transfers of physical energy. In many of the American forms of neo-realism a scarcely less thorough-going materialism has been manifest, so far as the world of concrete existence is concerned; though the tendency here has been curiously conjoined with a revival of a species - a very unplatonic species - of Platonic realism. In most of our neo-realists, the latter seems an essentially otiose addition to their doctrine. Universals are asserted to subsist merely; and though subsistence is declared to be a status independent of consciousness, this independence renders it only the more alien to nature and irrelevant to experience. Since mere subsistents have neither date, r place, r causal efficacy, they are pertinent to the phemenal order only in so far as they are embodied in particular existences; and by the neo-realist their embodiment is apparently construed in the literal sense of the word. For him too the only entities existing in time and in the causal nexus are physical masses, and - if the two be ultimately distinct - physical energy. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art techlogy to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.