The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts comprises essay that discuss aspects of war and other conflicts in the light of both nconsequentialist ethical theory and the views of such theorists as Barbara Herman, Jeff McMahan, Avishai Margalit, and Michael Walzer. The first essay deals with the relation between states of affairs whose termination justifies war and states of affairs that once achieved should put an end to war. The next few essays deal with conduct in war. They first consider the implications of general moral principles (including the Doctrine of Double Effect and Principle of Permissible Harm) for the permissibility of harm to combatants and ncombatants, and then whether factors unique to war should alter what is permissible. In particular, if the context of war should affect the relative violability of different combatants and different ncombatants, if terror killing combatants and/or ncombatants should ever be permissible, and if there is liability to harm in virtue of belonging to a group. The fifth essay examines how recent discussions by nconsequentialists about redirection of threats (as in the famous Trolley Problem) may illuminate the moral status of collaboration that took place with Nazis during the Holocaust. What justice requires after conflict and how our ability to provide it affects the permissibility of starting war, is the next topic. Truth and reconciliation commissions and retribution post-conflict are discussed, and whether harm to civilians stemming from such procedures (and how the harm arises) bear on the permissibility of instituting the procedures. The three concluding essays deal with moral aspects of conflicts outside of standard war, including those involving the threat of terrorism, resistance to communal injustice (for example, in the case of the Taliban women), and the use of nuclear weapons for deterrence.
F.M. Kamm is Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School, and Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, Harvard University. She is the author of Creation and Abortion; Morality, Mortality, Vols. 1 and 2; Intricate Ethics; Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War. Kamm has also published many articles on normative ethical theory and on practical ethics. She has held AAUW, NEH, and Guggenheim Fellowships, is a member of the editorial boards of Philosophy & Public Affairs, Legal Theory, and Utiltas, serves on the University Faculty Committee of the Edmond J. Safra Ethics Center, and is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences