A goal of mine ever since becoming an educational researcher has been to help construct a sound theory to guide instructional practice. For far too long, educational practice has suffered because we have lacked firm instructional guidelines, which in my view should be based on sound psychological theory, which in turn should be based on sound neurological theory. In other words, teachers need to kw how to teach and that how-to-teach should be based solidly on how people learn and how their brains function. As you will see in this book, my answer to the question of how people learn is that we all learn by spontaneously generating and testing ideas. Idea generating involves analogies and testing requires comparing predicted consequences with actual consequences. We learn this way because the brain is essentially an idea generating and testing machine. But there is more to it than this. The very process ofgenerating and testing ideas results t only in the construction of ideas that work (i. e. , the learning of useful declarative kwledge), but also in improved skill in learning (i. e. , the development of improved procedural kwledge).
Anton E. Lawson
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Date of Publication
Education & Teaching
Contemporary Trends and Issues in Science Education