This study demonstrates the centrality of ecomic rationales to debates on Jews' status in Italy, Britain, France and Germany during the course of two centuries. It delineates the common themes that informed these debates - the ideal republic and the 'ancient constitution', the conflict between virtue and commerce, and the tion of useful and productive labor. It thus provides an overview of the political-ecomic dimensions of Jewish emancipation literature of this period. This overview is viewed against the backdrop of broader controversies within European society over the effects of commerce on inherited political values and institutions. By focusing on ecomic attitudes toward Jews, the book also illuminates European intellectual approaches toward ecomic modernity. By elucidating these general debates, it renders more contemporary Jewish ecomic self-conceptions - and the ermous impetus that Jewish reformist movements placed on the Jews' ecomic and occupational transformation - fully explicable.
Jonathan Karp is Associate Professor in the Judaic Studies and History Departments at Binghamton University, SUNY. He is co-editor of The Art of Being Jewish in Modern Times (with Barbara Kirshenblatt-Gimblett, 2007). His current book projects are The Rise and Demise of the Black-Jewish Alliance: A Class-Cultural Analysis and Philosemitism in History (with Adam Sutcliffe; Cambridge University Press, 2008).