Excerpt from The Practical Administration of Right and Justice by the Interstate Commerce Commission New York was the first to open up a great highway to the West by the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825. This gave New York City an early dominating influence which it has since retained with a waterway up the Hudson connecting with the Erie Canal to the Great Lakes. The invention of the multi-tubular boiler and the adapting of the same to the locomotive by George Stevenson and the construction by him of the Manchester and Liverpool Railroad at a cost of four and one-half million dollars and its successful opening September 15, 1830, with small experiments in America about the same time, marked the ending of the old commercial era and the dramatic opening of a new commercial epoch. Boston, Philadelphia and Baltimore soon seized the new idea and together with New York City extended railroads to the West. Buffalo was the goal of New York and Boston; Pittsburgh as the head of Ohio River navigation, was the aim of Philadelphia and Parkersburg the coveted point for Baltimore. Rails were then built from the South Atlantic ports into the interior and in the West to Cincinnati, St. Louis and Chicago. Rail lines were then extended rthwest into Minnesota. These were followed by transcontinental lines to the Pacific Coast and rth and south lines from Canada to the Gulf. When the great rail movement started in 1830, the population of the United States was nearly thirteen millions and there were a little over 7 persons to the square mile. The part the railroads played in the industrial and commercial development of the United States was marvelous. By 1870 the development of railroads in the United States was well defined. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art techlogy to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.