One of the more relevant - if t the most relevant - mathematical logicians of the 20th century, who was able to prove a theorem that, in the opinion of the ma- jority, states the failure of human kwledge even within mathematics (after Kant had definitively destroyed any epistemological and metaphysical realism, being followed by almost all the later thinkers), claims that mathematics proper, and then science based on it, needs to be founded on something which is absolutely true, objective and evident! It seems that only ideological blindness may prevent perceiving such a situa- tion, and consequently engaging ourselves with a serious work about the problem of foundations. One may reasonably start from the foundational claims of contem- porary sciences and compare them with the results of the great syntheses of Greek and Mediaeval logic and metaphysics, which, historically allowed the development of modern sciences. The present book, would represent a small initial attempt in such direction. Translated from italian - Original title: Il problema dei fondamenti. Un'avventurosa navigazione dagli insiemi agli enti passando per Godel e Tommaso d'Aqui, Cantagalli, Siena (I) 2009
Alberto Strumia (www.albertostrumia.it), mathematical physicist and doctor in Fundamental Theology taught at the Universities of Bologna, of Bari (Italy), at the LUMSA (Rome) and the Catholic Theological Faculty in Bologna. He is now vice-director of the on-line Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science (www.inters.org).