Based in a highly profitable fur trade, the seventeenth century Dutch criminal justice system of the upper Hudson River Valley regulated the community with an eye toward t only maintaining peaceful social relations, but also preserving the ecomic system that allowed the community to survive. This work examines the punishment practices of the Beverwijck/Albany court during the seventeenth century, delineating changes that occurred in those practices amid fluctuations in the fur trade and after the English conquest of New Netherland in 1664. This study shows that punishment practices were integrally linked to the ecomic status of the community and, after English conquest, to the introduction of English law.
The Author: Dennis Sullivan is the Director of the Institute for Economic and Restorative Justice. He holds a doctorate in criminal justice from the State University of New York at Albany. He has authored with Larry Tifft The Struggle to be Human: Crime, Criminology, and Anarchism. He has also written The Mask of Love: Corrections in America, Toward a Mutual Aid Alternative . He is also adjunct professor of criminal justice at the State University of New York at Albany.