HIV/AIDS infections are transmitted mainly through behaviour which is private, secret and often hidden. As such, the infection or even the suspicion of infection leads to stigma and discrimination. Discrimination practices have targeted persons that are subsumed under high-risk groups (like prostitutes, drug-users and homosexuals). These persons are categorised according to the presumed risk that they are identified with. Such categorisation t only challenges the rights of the individuals but the categorised persons are also victimised under the guise of preventing HIV/AIDS. This undermines efforts to reach these persons and seek their active cooperation in the fights against HIV/AIDS. In order to prevent the spread of this disease various welfare organisations and programmes have also been set up by the Government Organisations. But setting up of the project alone will t help, until and unless we all participate in fighting against the cause of prevention of HIV/AIDS. If we want to set up a HIV/AIDS free society, every one of us should join hands and make a little effort to remove the roots of this dreadful disease from the threshold of our society. The study is confined to the role of government organisations of the high prevalence states- Karnataka and Manipur. Finding funds to fight HIV/AIDS is a serious problem in both the states because the potential costs are staggering. On one hand, diverting funds from other problems to HIV/AIDS control may distort health priorities, while on the other hand, if proper funds are t made available, the ecomic consequences may be more devastating. The efforts made so far in dealing with the HIV infection/AIDS epidemic cant be described as totally inadequate and certain issues can be faced socially by creating the required social environment and providing certain social services.
Asha Sougaijam has done M.A and Ph.D in Sociology from University of Mysore. She achieved 4 gold medals during Post Graduation (Sociology) namely - The Mahatma Gandhi Centenary Gold Medal(G3/486/68-69 dated 4-8-1970), Bharata Ratna Dr. B R Ambedkar Endowment Gold Medal(G3/352/67-68 dated 1-7-1968), The Golden Jubilee Year Gold Medal(G3/552/1971-72 dated 10-12-1971) and Professor C Parvathamma Felicitation Committee Gold Medal(GL3/384/89-90 dated 2-12-1991). She is presently serving as a Faculty member at the Department of Sociology, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Regional Campus, Manipur. Her special areas of interest are Research Methodology, Sociology of Health, Social change and development, and Military Sociology.