Middlesbrough's rise was truly extraordinary, from almost thing in 1850 to a great industrial city within a few decades, its success based on iron and steel. This book examines the development. It discusses the role of urban planners, charts the growth of the iron and steel industry including the introduction of new manufacturing techniques and the exploitation of important local iron ore deposits, and explores the role of a vast range of self-help institutions through which workers supported themselves at a time when aid from the state was minimal. It shows how industries clustered , explaining why Middlesbrough became the hub of such a cluster; outlines the demographic nature of the workforce, showing how there was much migration, with people coming to Middlesbrough to work for a while then leaving; and concludes by examining the adverse factors which quickly became apparent, some of which were to lead to Middlesbrough's decline - over-dependence on one industry, a relatively undiversified ecomic and social structure, and insufficient urban infrastructure which left the city vulnerable to debilitating environmental pollution. MINORU YASUMOTO is a Professor in the Faculty of Ecomics at Komazawa University, Japan.