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About this product
- DescriptionWhat exactly is intelligence? Is it social achievement? Professional success? Is it common sense? Or the number on an IQ test? Interweaving engaging narratives with dramatic case studies, Robert L. Hayman, Jr., has written a history of intelligence that will forever change the way we think about who is smart and who is t. To give weight to his assertion that intelligence is t simply an inherent characteristic but rather one which reflects the interests and predispositions of those doing the measuring, Hayman traces numerous campaigns to classify human intelligence. His tour takes us through the early craniometric movement, eugenics, the development of the IQ, Spearman's general intelligence, and more recent works claiming a genetic basis for intelligence differences. What Hayman uncovers is the maddening irony of intelligence: that scientific efforts to reduce intelligence to a single, ordinal quantity have persisted--and at times captured our cultural imagination--t because of their scientific legitimacy, but because of their longstanding political appeal. The belief in a natural intellectual order was pervasive in scientific and political thought both at the founding of the Republic and throughout its nineteenth-century Reconstruction. And while we are today formally committed to the tion of equality under the law, our culture retains its central belief in the natural inequality of its members. Consequently, Hayman argues, the promise of a genuine equality can be realized only when the mythology of intelligence is debunked--only, that is, when we recognize the decisive role of culture in defining intelligence and creating intelligence differences. Only culture can give meaning to the statement that one person-- or one group--is smarter than ather. And only culture can provide our motivation for saying it. With a keen wit and a sharp eye, Hayman highlights the inescapable contradictions that arise in a society committed both to liberty and to equality and traces how the resulting tensions manifest themselves in the ways we conceive of identity, community, and merit.
- Author BiographyRobert L. Hayman, Jr. is Professor of Law at Widener University in Deleware and has taught at Georgetown University, Temple University, and the University of Missouri.
- Author(s)Robert L. Hayman
- PublisherNew York University Press
- Date of Publication30/09/1997
- SubjectPsychology: Professional & General
- Series TitleCritical America
- Place of PublicationNew York
- Country of PublicationUnited States
- ImprintNew York University Press
- Width153 mm
- Height229 mm
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