Israel's 34-day bombardment of Leban in the summer of 2006--in which more than 1,000 Lebanese civilians lost their lives--is one of the most tragic events to take place in the Middle East in this century. It was unleashed in the context of the continued Israeli assault on the Palestinians, particularly in Gaza, as well as the US effort to bring democracy and redraw the map of the Middle East from Afghanistan to Iraq and perhaps to Iran. What explains Hezbollah's capture of two Israeli soldiers and the scale of Israel's retaliation? Why did the US reject an early ceasefire? And where will it all lead? These and other vital questions are addressed in this collection of essays by internationally respected scholars and experts from around the world who examine the ethical, legal and strategic issues of the conflict, and analyze the consequences facing the region and the world in the wake of the Israeli invasion.