As in past installments of The Year in Ecology and Conservation Biology series, this year s volume contains a diverse collection of timely reviews in conservation biology and scientific, policy, and management implications, including reviews in the following areas: ecosystem services provided by bats; emerging indirect and long-term road salt effects on ecosystems; environmental ethics and human ecology; environmental impacts of mountaintop mining valley fill operations for aquatic ecosystems of the Central Appalachians; urban biodiversity, patterns and mechanisms; anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems in Antarctica; understanding the role of co-factors in driving amphibian losses; tropical forest ecosystems and unsustainable hunting. NOTE: Annals volumes are available for sale as individual books or as a journal. For information on institutional journal subscriptions, please click here. ACADEMY MEMBERS: Please contact the New York Academy of Sciences directly to place your order (www.nyas.org). Members of the New York Academy of Science receive full-text access to the Annals online and discounts on print volumes. Please visit http://www.nyas.org/MemberCenter/Join.aspx for more information about becoming a member.