In this original study, Jorge A. Nallim chronicles the decline of liberalism in Argentina during the volatile period between two military coups the 1930 overthrow ofHipolito Yrigoyen and the deposing of Juan Peron in 1955. While historians have primarily focused on liberalism in ecomic or political contexts, Nallim instead documents a wide range of locations where liberalism was claimed and ultimately marginalized in the pursuit of individual agendas. Nallim shows how concepts of liberalism were espoused by various groups who invented traditions to legitimatize their methods of political, religious, class, intellectual, or cultural hegemony. In these deeply fractured and corrupt processes, liberalism lost political favor and alienated the public. These events also set the table for Peronism and stifled the future of progressive liberalism in Argentina. Nallim describes the main political parties of the period and deconstructs their liberal discourses. He also examines major cultural institutions and shows how each attached liberalism to their cause. Nallim compares and contrasts the events in Argentina to those in other Latin American nations and reveals their links to international developments. While critics have positioned the rhetoric of liberalism during this period as one of decadence or irrelevance, Nallim instead shows it to be a vital and complex factor in the metamorphosis of modern history in Argentina and Latin America as well.
Jorge A. Nallim is associate professor of history at the University of Manitoba.