Since the early twentieth century, techlogical transfers from the United States to Latin American countries have involved techlogies of violence for social control. As the chapters in this book illustrate, these techlogical transfers have taken various forms, including the training of Latin American military personnel in surveillance and torture and the provision of political and logistic support for campaigns of state terror. The human cost for Latin America has been ermous-thousands of Latin Americans have been murdered, disappeared, or tortured, and whole communities have been terrorized into silence. Organized by region, the essays in this book address the topic of state-sponsored terrorism in a variety of ways. Most take the perspective that state-directed political violence is a modern development of a regional political structure in which U.S. political interests weigh heavily. Others ackwledge that Latin American states enthusiastically received U.S. support for their campaigns of terror. A few see local culture and history as key factors in the implementation of state campaigns of political violence. Together, all the essays exemplify how techlogies of terror have been transferred among various Latin American countries, with particular attention to the role that the United States, as a strong state, has played in such transfers.
CECILIA MENJIVAR, a sociologist, is Associate Professor in the School of Justice and Social Inquiry at Arizona State University, where she is also affiliated with the Center for Latin American Studies and the Women's Studies Program. NESTOR RODRIGUEZ is Professor of Sociology and Research Associate of the Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. With Cecilia Menjivar, he coedited When States Kill: Latin America, the U.S., and Technologies of Terror. He has studied Central American migration to the United States and the formation of Latino immigrant settlements for more than two decades.