Alan Astro has compiled the first anthology of Latin American Yiddish writings translated into English. Included are works of fiction, poetry, and nfiction from Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Uruguay, and Cuba, with one brief memoir by a Russian rabbi who arrived in San Antonio, Texas, in 1910. Literature has always served as a refuge for Yiddish speakers, and the Yiddish literature of Latin America reflects the writers' assertions of their political rights. The book features a fascinating assortment of peddlers and moneylenders. The central figure in 'Jesus' by Pinkhes Berniker, is a rabbi in Cuba who makes a fortune selling Catholic icons because his beard reminds the peasants of Jesus. Other stories involve a peddler selling goods on the instalment plan and Jewish involvement in money lending and prostitution. A large number of Jews in Latin America established agricultural colonies, the best kwn of which was a project kwn as the Jewish Colonization Association (JCA) developed by the Argentine Jewish railroad millionaire, Baron de Hirsch. The JCA facilitated mass emigration of Jews from Russia to agricultural colonies in Argentina. Finally, themes of identity permeate this literature. In Latin America, Ashkenazic immigrants, Jews from France, Germany, and Eastern Europe, explore their possible links to the Crypto Jews who came to the New World to escape the Inquisition.
Alan Astro is a professor in the Modern Languages and Literatures Department, Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas.