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Fish Pellets

Fish pellets prove to be a useful feeding choice for many types of fish if people choose the pellets wisely. Not all fish pellets are equal in terms of the types of fish they feed or in the nutritional value they afford the fish. Knowing more about this type of fish food helps pet owners find varieties that work best for their fish environments.

Types of Fish Pellets

There are many types of fish pellets on the market that are suitable for different fish environments. Some of the common types of pellets include varieties made for aquariums, freshwater ponds and marine environments. While the choices may seem overwhelming at first, it is helpful to remember that the type of fish food is easier to determine since the environments for specific fish species differ. Saltwater and freshwater fish can have different nutrient requirements so choosing fish pellets within the range of fish environments helps to weed out some of the fish pellet choices.

Fish Pellet Basics

Fish pellets are small pieces of fish food that are hard and have a cylindrical shape. The fish food comes from a pasty substance that goes through an extrusion process that is cut and formed into pellets. Many people use pond fish pellet food and marine fish pellet food to supplement the diets of fish in captive environments. Fish pellets come in choices that float or sink so take care to choose pellets according to the top- or bottom-feeding style of the fish.

Size Matters

Whether you are choosing saltwater or freshwater pellet fish food, pellets size is an important factor. Fish pellets come in various sizes so try to ensure that you get fish pellets that are small enough for fish to swallow without compromising nutrition. Large pond fish, like koi and goldfish, can handle swallowing bigger pellets, while small aquarium fish need pellets that are suitable for swallowing before the pellet dissolves and loses nutritional value.


Fish pellets are broken down into categories made for the types of food that certain fish species are known to eat. Omnivore and herbivore fish pellets help to satisfy dietary needs of certain fish species. It is a good idea to read the ingredients on the label of fish pellets to make sure that the nutritional value is adequate for the fish. Some fish pellets may contain high amounts of carbohydrate fillers, like wheat flour, that have little nutritional value.