Literary history generally locates the primary movement toward poetic invation in twentieth-century modernism, an impulse carried out against a supposedly enervated late-Romantic poetry of the nineteenth century. The original essays in Active Romanticism challenge this interpretation by tracing the fundamental continuities between Romanticism's poetic and political radicalism and the experimental movements in poetry from the late-nineteenth-century to the present day. According to editors July Carr and Jeffrey C. Robinson, active romanticism is a poetic response, direct or indirect, to pressing social issues and an attempt to redress forms of ideological repression; at its core, active romanticism champions democratic pluralism and confronts ideologies that suppress the evidence of pluralism. Poetry fetter'd, fetters the human race, declared poet William Blake at the beginning of the nineteenth century. No other statement from the era of the French Revolution marks with such terseness the challenge for poetry to participate in the liberation of human society from forms of inequality and invisibility. No other statement insists so vividly that a poetic event pushing for social progress demands the unfettering of traditional, customary poetic form and language. Bringing together work by well-kwn writers and critics, ranging from scholarly studies to poets' testimonials, Active Romanticism shows Romantic poetry t to be the sclerotic corpse against which the avant-garde reacted but rather the well-spring from which it flowed. Offering a fundamental rethinking of the history of modern poetry, Carr and Robinson have grouped together in this collection a variety of essays that confirm the existence of Romanticism as an ongoing mode of poetic production that is invative and dynamic, a continuation of the nineteenth-century Romantic tradition, and a form that reacts and renews itself at any given moment of perceived social crisis.
Julie Carr 's first collection of poetry, Mead: An Epithalamion , was the winner of the University of Georgia Contemporary Poetry Prize. Her other collections include Sarah - of Fragments and Lines , a National Poetry Series winner; 100 Notes on Violence , winner of the 2009 Sawtooth Poetry Prize; Equivocal ; and Rag . Jeffrey C. Robinson is a professor of Romantic poetry at the University of Glasgow, UK. He is a winner of National Endowment for the Humanities and Guggenheim Fellowships, and the author or editor of eighteen books, among them Radical Literary Education: A Classroom Experiment with Wordsworth's Ode, The Walk: Notes on a Romantic Image, and Unfettering Poetry: The Fancy in British Romanticism . He is coeditor with Jerome Rothenberg of Poems for the Millennium: The University of California Book of Romantic and Postromantic Poetry , winner of the 2010 American Book Award.