The process of internalization is fundamental to all forms of psychotherapy. It is difficult to see how any healing process is meaningful unless the one to be healed 'takes home' some element of the cure. How else may a 'cure' take place unless it is internalized? This book surveys the development of concepts pertaining to the processes by which an individual's internal world comes into being. The core concepts of internalization - identification, incorporation and introjection - which heavily influenced the evolution of psychoanalytic schools, illustrate the commonalities and differences between a wide variety of psychotherapeutic paradigms. Through an examination of representative proponents of the four major sub-divisions of psychotherapeutic schools - Psychoanalysis, Cognitive-Behavioural, Humanistic/Existential and Family-Systems - the authors show how internalizing concepts and principles shed light on the theory and practice of psychotherapy. The universality of the human condition and the humanitarian goal of psychotherapeutic healing pose an ethical mandate to search for common threads of meaning across the paradigmatic spectrum. Internalization addresses that mandate through elucidation of concepts as applied to a variety of theoretical contexts. Through this comparative method, the authors hope to contribute to the self-examination of the psychotherapeutic enterprise, and to elucidate the mechanisms underlying therapeutic efficacy.
Kenneth C. Wallis, M.D. is a practising psychiatrist in Salt Lake City, Utah and Sacramento, California and is Assistant Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the University of Utah. His special interest in teaching the history and origins of psychoanalysis, analysis of dreams, the works of Freud and Jung, and biological psychiatry is well recognized by graduate students, trainees and clinicians. James L. Poulton, Ph.D. is a practising psychologist in Salt Lake City, Utah and is an Adjunct Professor in Psychology and a Clinical Instructor in Psychiatry at the University of Utah. He has taught graduate and post-graduate seminars in both the theory and practice of psychotherapy. With a background in both philosophy and psychology, Dr. Poulton is well known for his thoughtful approach to the problems of psychology and psychoanalytic theory.