The history of Jacksonville, Illiis, is a collection of traditions. A small town with a big heart, Jacksonville nurtures her traditions unconsciously. Delightfully revated homes, physicalgrowth at two colleges, strong support of voluntary organizations, and excellence in education are some measures of the traditions that originated 175 years ago. Frontier Illiis was settled from the bottom up. Towns like Springfield, Jacksonville, Vandalia, and Kaskaskia sprouted in the early 1800s. Jacksonville was the destination for so many peoplethat, for several years, it had more citizens than Chicago, and it had high hopes of becoming the most important city in Illiis. Early on, the citizens of this new town recognized the need for religious and educational facilities. Through the years, the name Jacksonville became synymous with education, and, with two colleges, three major state institutions, and public and private schools, that emphasis on education continues to this day. Highereducation, the development of literary societies, and the welcoming of new businesses are all parts of the Jacksonville tradition, and there are few towns that can boast of such a solid, continuous drive for self-improvement.