Joseph Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) was a British author and poet, born in India, and best kwn today for his children's books, including The Jungle Book (1894), The Second Jungle Book (1895), Just So Stories (1902), and his vel, Kim (1901). Among his short stories are The Man Who Would Be King (1888) and the collections Life's Handicap (1891), The Day's Work (1898), and Plain Tales from the Hills (1888). He is regarded as a major invator in the art of the short story; his children's books are enduring classics of children's literature; and his best work speaks to a versatile and lumius narrative gift. Kipling was one of the most popular writers in English, in both prose and verse, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In 1907, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the first English language writer to receive the prize, and he remains today its youngest-ever recipient. Among other hours, he was offered the British Poet Laureateship and a knighthood, both of which he refused.